Email Scammers Out in Force

Tax Time - A Grade Tax Penrith

Australians are being warned to steer clear of sophisticated tax time phishing emails that purport to come from the ATO but are really designed to steal people's banking emails and passwords.

The MessageLabs Intelligence unit, part of computer security company Symantec, has observed an increase in the fraudulent emails as the end of the financial year approached. This year, the scams are more sophisticated than ever before.

"Scammers have mastered the art of making these emails look legitimate, often including the ATO logo and links to the ATO website," Symantec said.

"These phishing emails generally offer online tax returns, luring internet users with subject lines and key words such as 'benefits of e-tax', 'eligibility requirements' and 'click here to get tax refund'."

The scammers try to entice users into giving away personal details including banking information and passwords by saying that these details are required in order to get the refund.

In another variation of the attack, emails contain links to phishing web pages designed to look like a legitimate online tax return. The attackers can then use the information gathered by these scams to access the victims' accounts and steal money. It could also be used for identity theft.

"Impersonating tax and government agencies is becoming an ever more popular angle for phishers," Symantec said.

"Symantec has observed that the instances of ATO phishing attacks have been on the increase since January 2010."

The ATO said Australians should be alert to potential email or phone scams or suspicious door knockers. Suspicious activity can be reported to the tax office on 13 28 61.

"While we may occasionally send you emails or SMS text messages promoting new products or services we will never ask for your personal information such as credit card details, TFN, your date of birth or passwords," the ATO said.

Super for Contractors

Contractors Super - A Grade Tax

What super obligations do I have for contractors?

If you pay your contractors under a contract that is wholly or principally for labour, you have to pay super contributions for them. This is even if the contractor quotes an Australian business number (ABN). These contractors are considered your employees for Superannuation guarantee purposes.

Generally, a contract is principally for labour if more than half of the value of the contract is for the person’s labour, which may include:  

    • Physical labour,
    • Mental effort, or
    • Artistic effort.

  •  The Australian Tax Office have web-based tools to help you work out if someone is an employee or contractor, and if they are eligible for super contributions at:

    Please contact A Grade Tax Penrith on (02) 4731-1405 or visit our website for all your taxation services, tax advice and planning.


    Super for the Self-employed

    A Grade Tax Accountants Penrith - Superannuation

     As a self-employed business person, you are not required to contribute to a super fund. However, you may wish to consider super as a way of saving for your retirement.

     From 1 July 2007, most self-employed people will be able to claim a full tax deduction for contributions they make to their super until age 75. You may also be eligible for the Super Co-contribution payment.

    You also need to make sure you give your super fund (or ensure your super fund has) your tax file number, otherwise:

    • Your super may be taxed an additional 31.5%, and
    • Your fund wont be able to accept member contributions from you, which may mean you'll miss out on any super co-contibutions you may be eligible for from the government

    A Grade Tax Accountants Penrith on (02) 4731-1405 offer a full range of taxation and accounting services, bookkeeping, tax returns, superannuation advice and planning.

    Are You an Employee or a Contractor

    A Grade Tax Accountants, Penrith NSW

    You are generally only entitled to an ABN if you are carrying on an enterprise in Australia or have a clear business intent.

    Contractors differ from employees and holding an ABN means that you:

    •have entered the business tax system and are now responsible for reporting your income and paying your tax and super entitlements

    •may be responsible for your own workers compensation.

    Just having an ABN doesn’t make you a contractor.

    Contractors are paid for the result they achieve rather than the time they work. Contractors do not normally have to work during hours set by an agreement or award and the employer does not provide them with the tools to do their work or direct their work.

    If you are an employee, then your employer must withhold tax from any salary, wages, commissions, bonuses or allowances they pay you.

    Your employer may also have Superannuation Guarantee Surcharge (SGS)obligations.

    For further information on all your taxation and accounting services, superannuation, bookkeeping, tax return, tax advice and planning contact A Grade Tax Accountants Penrith on (02) 4731-1405.

    Superannuation Guarantee Contributions & Contractors

    Super Tax - A Grade Tax

    Employers must pay super contributions to a complying super fund for all eligible employees by the quarterly deadlines. These contributions are in addition to the employees’ salaries and wages, and must be calculated based on ordinary time earnings.

    Employers also need to pay super contributions for contractors you pay under a contract for labour, because they are considered employees for the purpose of super guarantee. This includes contractors who quote an Australian business number (ABN).

    The Australian Tax Office also have a range of publications, tools and calculators to help you understand and meet your tax and super obligations at:

    For further tax advice on all types of taxation services please contact A Grade Tax Accountants Penrith on (02) 4731-1405 or visit our website

    Super Splitting

    Penrith Accountant -  Taxation Services Penrith

    The announcement on the continuation of the transitional concessional contribution cap from 1 July 2012 as part of the Government’s response to the Henry Tax Review recommendations has reinstated the importance of super splitting.

    The Government has extended the transitional concessional contribution cap of $50,000 past 30 June 2012 to clients over age 50 but there is a catch. Your client’s superannuation account balance (including pension interests) must be less than $500,000.

    Super investors should consider using super splitting to ensure they have access to the higher concessional contribution cap past age 50.

    Prior to the abolition of reasonable benefit limits, super splitting was a powerful tool to minimise excessive benefits for clients who are high income earners and/or achieved superior investment returns over time. The focus of super splitting has now changed to clients:

    •with balances below $500,000;
    •who will need to make concessional contributions (including salary sacrifice) above the standard concessional contribution cap of $25,000 which is reduced by employer superannuation guarantee contributions; and
    •who are married or in a de-facto relationship.

    Super splitting will form part of a long-term strategy for younger clients so they can gain the maximum benefit post age 50. The partner who is the lower income earner or will have an absence from the work force will certainly benefit from the strategy.

    Accessing the higher concessional contribution cap past age 50 will provide the opportunity to avoid excessive contributions and a significant boost to the tax-effectiveness of a transition to retirement strategy.

    Tick & Flick Tax Returns

    A Grade Tax Accountants Penrith NSW

    For many years, the humble tax agent, who consistently and legitimately has been able to claim
    $’000s more in tax deductions than taxpayers doing it on their own, has been a thorn in the side of
    the Government and the Tax Office.
    This is the background to the new ‘standard deductions’ and the Government’s and Tax Office’s
    desire to try and elbow tax agents to the sidelines – tax agents claim too much and they don’t like
    So, taxpayers applauding the proposed introduction of ‘standard deductions’ may rue the day they
    allowed the Government and Tax Office to lead them down this slippery slope.
    “A slippery slope that we believe will inevitably lead to the abolition of Tax Returns and Tax
    Refunds”, said Andrew Gardiner, spokesperson for the NTAA.
    “The Treasurer himself has forewarned that this is a ‘step’ towards a tick and flick system of
    returns. If it is this Government’s first step, what’s next?”
    Taxpayers love receiving their annual income tax refund. It’s a form of self-imposed, forced
    savings. If taxpayers want to ensure they continue to receive their refunds, they would be better
    off to reject this proposal for standard deductions outright, unless they make sure it comes with an
    iron-clad guarantee that their right to receive annual tax refunds is permanently locked into law.
    “History is our teacher”, said Andrew, “and history teaches us that you cannot trust Governments
    that bring in standard deductions”.
    “In the 70’s, taxpayers were entitled to claim deductions for doctor, medical, hospital and chemist
    expenses, education of dependants and self education, life insurance, rates and taxes on their
    home, and a deduction for funeral expenses.”
    “However, the government of the day criticised the tax system as too complex and introduced a
    ‘standard deduction’. That deduction was turned into a rebate and then the rebate was abolished

    Henry Report

    A Grade Tax Accountants - Tax Services Penrith

    Henry Review – Update

    On 2 May 2010, the Government released to the public, the “Henry Report” on the future of Australia’s taxation system. 

    In all, there are 138 recommendations – more than 100 of which the Government has put its response to, on the “back-burner”, probably until after the next election.

    Many of the recommendations will cost taxpayers dearly should they become law.  For example, recommendations still “live” include:

      Taxing fringe benefits in the hands of employees;
      Removing important small business concessions (e.g., the 50% active asset reduction and the 15 year exemption);
      Taxing superannuation contributions in the hands of employees; and
      Changing the nexus rules making it more difficult to claim personal tax deductions.

    Below is a summary of the taxation measures actually announced by the Government, as part of its response to the Henry Report.

    1.    Taxation measures announced by Government

    1.1   Increasing the Superannuation Guarantee (‘SG’) contribution rate

    The SG contribution rate will be increased to 12% by 2019-20 (from the current 9%), with gradual increases commencing on 1 July 2013, as outlined in the following table.

    Income Year  SG contribution rate (%)
     9.25 %
     9.5 %
     10 %
     10.5 %
     11 %
     11.5 %
     12 %

    1.2   Increasing the SG age limit from 70 to 75

    Vehicles Exempt from Fringe Benefits Tax

    Penrith Accountant - Tax Return

    Generally, motor vehicles provided to employees or their associates are subject to FBT if they are used or are available for private use.

    Each year the ATO publishes a comprehensive but not exhaustive list of motor vehicles which may be eligible for an exemption from FBT.

    The ATO stresses that vehicles that are included in the listing are not automatically exempt from FBT, but rather depend on whether the eligibility criteria for the exemption are met.

    To be eligible for the exemption, an employee’s private use of a taxi, panel van, utility or other commercial vehicle must be limited to:

    a. Travel between home and work;
    b. Incidental travel in the course of ordinary duties of employment; or
    c. Where the private use is minor, infrequent and irregular.

    In most cases, panel vans, utility vehicles and other commercial vehicles would be eligible for this exemption.

    Following is the link to the Tax Office's latest list of eligible exempt motor vehicles:

    Or visit the Tax Office website at

    Ring (02) 4731-1405 A Grade Tax Accountants Penrith for a full range of taxation and accounting services to small and medium business enterprises across a diverse range of industries.

    Keep your Tax File Number safe

    A Grade Tax Accountants Penrith

    Beware of Identity Crime

    Your Tax File Number (TFN) is a key part of your identity while you are in Australia.

    It is an important form of identification when you start a new job, open bank accounts and apply for government benefits. Keep it secure.

    Protect your identity by protecting all your personal details, including your TFN. Keep your passwords and TFN safe and never record or store them where they could be stolen, such as in your purse or wallet.

    Only certain people and organisations can ask for your TFN, the most common being:

    • the Tax Office when discussing your tax records
    • your employer after you start work
    • your bank or other financial institutions
    • Centrelink
    • your superannuation fund.

    If you think someone else has used your Tax File Number, or it has been stolen, phone the Tax Office on 1800 060 062.

    Ring A Grade Tax Accountants in Penrith on (02) 4731-1405  providing a full range of accounting, taxation services, bookkeeping, business setup and ongoing tax advice, tax returns, planning and tax advice to personal and business clients.


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