Taxable Payments Reporting - Building and Construction Industry
From 1 July 2012, businesses in the building and construction industry need to report the total payments they make to each contractor for building and construction services each year. You need to report these payments to the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) on the Taxable Payments Annual Report.
To make it easier to complete the annual report you may need to change the way you currently record your contractor information.
As part of the 2011-12 Federal Budget, the government announced the introduction of taxable payments reporting for businesses in the building and construction industry.
The aim of the system is to improve compliance with tax obligations by those contractors who are currently not doing the right thing.
The information reported about payments made to contractors will be used for the ATO's data matching to detect contractors who have not:
- lodged tax returns
- included all their income in returns that have been lodged.
Who needs to report?
From 1 July 2012 you need to report if all of the following apply:
- you are a business that is primarily in the building and construction industry
- you make payments to contractors for building and construction services
- you have an Australian business number (ABN).
You are considered to be a business that is primarily in the building and construction industry if any of the following apply:
- in the current financial year, 50% or more of your business activity relates to building and construction services
- in the current financial year, 50% or more of your business income is derived from providing building and construction services
- in the financial year immediately before the current financial year, 50% or more of your business income was derived from providing building and construction services.
Details you need to report
For each contractor, you need to report the following details each financial year:
- ABN, if known
- gross amount you paid for the financial year (this is the total paid including GST)
- total GST included in the gross amount you paid.
The details you need to report will generally be contained in the invoices you receive from your contractors.Payments you need to report
You will need to report payments you make to contractors for building and construction services.
Building and construction services include any of the activities listed below if they are performed on, or in relation to, any part of a building, structure, works, surface or sub-surface:
- Management of building and construction services
- Organisation of building and construction services
- Site preparation
For a list of occupations and work activities that qualify as building and construction services, see Appendix 1. For examples of what the ATO consider to be buildings, structures, works, surfaces or sub-surfaces, see Appendix 2.
Contractors who pay other contractors for building and construction services may also be required to report if they are carrying on a business that is primarily in the building and construction industry.
A contractor can be an individual, partnership, company or trust.
Example 1: Business primarily in the building and construction industry
J and L Builders earns all of its income from building commercial properties for its clients. As 50% or more of J and L Builders' income is from providing building and construction services it is primarily in the building and construction industry. J and L Builders will be required to report payments it makes to contractors for providing building and construction services.
Example 2: All business activity in building and construction
ABC, a property developer, has purchased a block of land in the Melbourne city precinct and intends to build apartments. ABC has created a separate entity, Upmarket Apartments Pty Ltd, to manage the project and construction of the apartments. Upmarket Apartments will be required to report payments it makes to contractors for providing building and construction services because 50% or more of its business activity will relate to building and construction services.
Example 3: Not all income from building and construction
Scott's Cabinet Makers Pty Ltd is a business that makes and installs custom-made kitchen cabinets, which is a type of activity that is a building and construction service. It also makes and sells ornamental wooden carvings.
As Scott's Cabinet Makers earns 50% or more of its income from building and construction services in the financial year ending 30 June 2014, it will need to report on payments made to contractors in the 2013-14 financial year. Although it will not earn 50% or more of its income from building and construction services in the 2014-15 financial year, it will still need to report payments made to contractors in that year because of its 2013-14 income.
Example 4: Retail business providing minor building and construction services
Harry's Hardware is a business that sells building equipment to builders and homeowners. For an additional fee Harry's Hardware can arrange for the installation of certain products, such as a skylight. The store will not be required to report payments it makes to contractors who do the installation as its business is not primarily in the building and construction industry, but rather in the retail industry. It does not meet either the activity or income tests of being primarily in the building and construction industry.
Example 5: Business with separate entity for building and construction services
Harry's Hardware sets up a separate business entity, Harry's Installation Services, to install the products it sells. Harry's Hardware will not have to report on payments made to contractors as it is not carrying on a business that is primarily in the building and construction industry. However, as all of the income for Harry's Installation Services is from the provision of building and construction services (installation of products), it will have to report payments it makes to contractors for such services.
Example 6: Mining infrastructure
Black Coal establishes a new mining facility that requires the construction of a range of infrastructure. Black Coal contracts Earl's Earthworks to carry out the work. Earl's Earthworks in turn sub-contracts the work. Black Coal will not be required to report payments it makes to Earl's Earthworks because all of its income is from coal mining. Earl's Earthworks, which is carrying on a business primarily in the building and construction industry, will need to report payments it makes to sub-contractors.
Example 7: Equipment hire with or without an operator
An equipment hire store provides plant and machinery for hire to the building and construction industry, for example, bobcats, scaffolding and tippers (commonly known as 'dry hire'). The store can also provide the equipment with an operator (commonly known as 'wet hire') for an additional fee. The operator is not an employee of the store but a contractor the store engages. The store will not be required to report payments it makes to the operator provided 50% or more of the equipment hire store's income or business activity relates to the 'dry hire' of the equipment, as this is not a building and construction service.
A builder who hires a bobcat with a driver will have to report the payment it makes to the equipment hire store for providing a building and construction service. Wet hire is a building and construction service.
Example 8: Contractor paying another contractor
Rob's Installation Services (principal contractor) contracts Simon (first tier sub-contractor) to install products. Simon is not coping with the amount of work Rob's Installation Services is providing him and sub-contracts some of the work to Bill (second tier sub-contractor). Rob's Installation Services will need to report on the payments it makes to Simon. If Simon is carrying on a business that is primarily in the building and construction industry he will be required to report the payments he makes to Bill.
Payments for both labour and materials
Where invoices you receive include both labour and materials, you report the whole amount of the payment unless the labour is incidental.
Example 9: Incidental supply of services
Kevin purchases a stock of new taps from Harry's Hardware to install in a commercial building. Harry installs one tap by way of demonstration so that Kevin knows how to install the rest. Harry's Hardware invoices Kevin for the taps and includes a small amount for the labour to demonstrate the installation. Kevin does not need to report the payment he makes to Harry's Hardware because the labour component of installing the tap is incidental to the supply of the materials.
Example 10: More than incidental supply of services
An electrical business provides labour and materials for various electrical applications. A builder pays the electrical business for the supply and installation of wiring in a commercial fit out that he is managing. As the provision of the installation service is a building and construction activity and more than incidental to the supply of materials, the builder will be required to report the total payment made to the electrical business. The builder is carrying on a business that is primarily in the building and construction industry.
It is important to check the way you keep your records. You should make sure you record all the necessary information so you can easily report the total payments you make to each contractor by the due date each year.
When to report
The Taxable payments annual report is due 21 July each year.
The first Taxable payments annual report is due 21 July 2013 for payments made in the 2012-13 financial year. In this first year, if you lodge your business activity statements quarterly, you may lodge by 28 July 2013.
Lodging your Taxable payments annual report
You can lodge your report online or on paper.
If you use commercial software, check with your software provider that you will be able to produce the new annual report. More information about lodging your new annual report online will be available closer to the due date for lodgment of the report. You can find general information about how to lodge online by visiting Online Services
If you intend to lodge a paper form, you must complete and send the ATO Taxable payments annual report to the ATO. You must use this ATO form and you can order it online or by phone. If you have more than nine contractors, you will need to order additional forms.Payments you do not report
Payments for materials only
You are not required to report on payments where the invoices are for materials only, such as building supplies and materials.
Unpaid invoices as at 30 June each year
Do not report any unpaid invoices as at 30 June each year. For example, if you receive an invoice in June 2012, but you do not pay that invoice until some time in July 2012, you report that payment in the 2012-13 Taxable payments annual report.
Pay as you go withholding payments
You do not report payments that are required to be reported in a Pay as you go (PAYG) withholding payment summary annual report or a Pay as you go (PAYG) withholding where ABN not quoted annual report - for example, payments to:
workers engaged under a voluntary agreement to withhold
workers engaged under a labour hire or on-hire arrangement
contractors who do not quote an ABN*.
*Where an ABN is not provided, the payer must withhold under the existing pay as you go withholding arrangements. For ease of reporting, if there are instances of no-ABN withholding, details may be reported in the new Taxable payments annual report instead of the Pay as you go (PAYG) withholding where ABN not quoted annual report.
Payments for private and domestic projects
You will not need to report if you are a home owner making payments to contractors for building and construction services, for example if you are building or renovating your own home.
Example 11: Home owner paying for building and construction services
Kristyn, who has an ABN for the purposes of running a bookkeeping business, manages the construction of her new home and makes payments directly to the contractors. Kristyn will not be required to report payments she makes to contractors as she is undertaking the activity in a domestic capacity and not as a business.
Payments within consolidated groups
If you are in a consolidated group or multiple entry consolidated group for income tax purposes, you do not need to report payments you make to another member of that same consolidated or multiple entry consolidated group. This is because members of a consolidated group or multiple entry consolidated group are effectively taxed as a single entity.
Example 12: Payments within consolidated groups
Brick Co and Paint Co are both members of the same consolidated group for income tax purposes. Brick Co provides building services and makes a payment to Paint Co for painting its building project. As Paint Co and Brick Co are in the same consolidated group, Brick Co will not have to report on the payment made to Paint Co for the provision of painting services. It will, however, have to report on payments made to entities outside the consolidated group for the supply of building and construction services.
Information for contractors within the building and construction industry
If you are a contractor and you do not pay other contractors, then you do not need to do anything. From 1 July 2012, businesses that are primarily in the building and construction industry that pay you for building and construction services will be required to report these payments to us each year. The information reported will be used for data matching to detect those contractors who may not have included all their income or lodged tax returns.
For enquiries, phone the ATO on 13 28 66 between 8.00am and 6.00pm, Monday to Friday.
Appendix 1: Examples of building and construction services
Below is a list of occupations and work activities that satisfy the definition of building and construction services:
Architectural work (including drafting and design)
Asphalt and bitumen work
Assembly, installation or erection of pre-fabricated houses
Building of room components (for example, kitchens, bathroom components, laundry components, cupboards, etc)
Cabinet making (including joinery and offsite fabrication for installation at a building site)
Concreting (including formwork, pouring and finishing)
Construction and sealing roads
Distribution line construction
Electrical machinery, heavy, installation (on-site assembly)
Elevator and escalator installation and work
Equipment rental with operator (if there is no operator, it is just rental of a good and not a building and construction activity)
Erection of frames
Erection of scaffolding
Excavation and grading
Flood control system construction
Flooring (for example, tiling, laying carpet, laying linoleum, timber flooring, floating floors, resilient flooring, slate tiles, etc)
Glass and glazing work
Hanging or installing doors
Installation of fittings
Installation of hard-wired alarm systems (security, fire, smoke, etc)
Installation of hot water systems
Installation of pre-fabricated components (for example, kitchens, bathroom components, laundry components, cupboards, etc)
Installation of pre-fabricated temperature controlled structures
Installation of septic tanks
Installation of solar devices (for example, hot water or electricity connections)
Installation of tanks
Installation of window frames
Installation of windows
Installation or work on devices for heating and cooling
Insulation work (walls, roofs, windows, etc)
Internet infrastructure construction
Irrigation system construction
Landscaping construction (including paving and design)
Painting (internal and external surfaces, including roofs)
Plastering (or other wall and ceiling construction)
Preparation of site
Rendering (or other internal or external surface finishes)
Retaining wall construction
River work construction
Roofing and guttering
Sewage or stormwater drainage system construction
Swimming pool installation
Swimming pool, below ground concrete or fibreglass, construction
Tiling (walls etc)
Waterproofing interior and exterior surfaces
Appendix 2: Examples of buildings, structures, works, surfaces or sub-surfaces
Below is a list of what the ATO consider to be buildings, structures, works, surfaces or sub-surfaces:
Communications, internet and electrical infrastructure
Electricity power plants
Footpath, kerb and guttering
Housing buildings (including pre-fabricated housing)
Sewage storage and treatment plants
Television or radio transmission towers
Some of the information on this website applies to a specific financial year. This is clearly marked. Make sure you have the information for the right year before making decisions based on that information.
For the full article, refer to: http://www.ato.gov.au/businesses/content.aspx?doc=/content/00313486.htm&alias=taxablepaymentsreporting
If you feel that this information does not fully cover your circumstances, or you are unsure how it applies to you, contact the ATO or seek professional advice.
Contact A Grade Tax Accountants Penrith for taxation advice.
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